Chess Research Bibliography
The following articles are available from the USCF office on cd in PDF format. For your complimentary copy please address requests to U.S. Chess Federation, Attn: Scholastic Department, P.O. Box 3967, Crossville, TN 38557. You may also contact Susan Houston by phone at (931) 787-1234, Ext. 136 or by email

Recommended Articles

#1 - "Chess in Education Research Summary" by Robert Ferguson (1995). A 14-page summary of key chess research.

#2 - "Chess Improves Academic Performance" summary of NY School Chess Program. 1 page.

#3 - "The Importance of Chess in the Classroom"- Atlantic Chess News-1990 (Michael D. Wojcio) Wojcio teaches chess to slow learners in 5 NJ schools and this describes his program and the benefits. 3 pages.

#4 - "Chess and Education" (John Artise) After 2 years of psychological research in chess, Artise found cognitive improvements in memory, logic, observation and analysis, and operant conditioning. 3 pages.

#5 - "The Effect of Chess on Reading Scores" by Stuart Margulies, Ph. D. 13 pages.

#6 - "Teaching the Fourth R (Reasoning) Through Chess." (Robert Ferguson) A 1979 project teaching the gifted (grade 7-9) in Bradford Pa. Statistical "proof" that chess increases thinking scores. Also, includes description of teaching program. 4 pages.

#7 - "Chess Legislation" by Roz Katz. New Jersey did it, you can too. 14 pages.

#8 - "Chess Makes Kids Smart" (Anne Graham-PARENTS-Dec 1985) Urges parents to introduce their kids to chess and quotes work of Pete Shaw, Jeff Chesin, Bob Cotter, etc. Good to show to administrators. 3 pages.

#9 - "A Guide to Scholastic Chess" (Dewain R. Barber and USCF) A guide to starting a chess club. Very practical. 33 pages.

#10 - "Chess Makes Kids Smarter" (Dr. Gerard J. Dullea) 1 page.

#11 - "Chess as a Way to Teach Thinking" (Diane Horgan) 4 pages.

Supplementary Articles

#12 - "Chess and Standard Test Scores" (James M. Liptrap) Purpose of this study is to document the effect of particpation in a chess club upon the standardized test scores of elementary school students. 2 pages.

#13 - "Craig Hill School Lesson Plans" (Herman Bernhardt) Interesting. 8 pages.

#14 - "Chess as a Classroom Tool" (Lev Alburt) Handout. 2 pages.

#14a - "Chess Textbook to Aid a Teacher" (Lev Alburt) Handout. 2 pages.

#15 - "Can Chess Improve Thinking, Social and Organizational Skill in Learning Disabled Students? (Carol Ruderman). Chronicles work with bright high school students with adjustment problems, and also learning disabled kids 9-14. Social and emotional progress was demonstrated. 4 pages.

#16 - "The Social Pedagogical Significance of Chess" (B. Gashunski) After a general introduction he concentrates on academic successes of some Russian programs. 8 pages.

#17 - "Checkmates" (Susan Elan-Fairfield County Advocate, March 20, 1989) Deals largely with Mr. Jovanovic and the Dalton kids but also deals with the growing popularity of chess with young kids. 4 pgs.

#18 - "Chess a Subject Taught at School" (Isaac Linder-SPUTNIK-June 1990) Chess is on the curricula in nearly 30 countries. Brief survey. 2 pages.

#19 - "The World of Youth Hobbies: Chess" (NV Krogius and B.S. Gershunksi.) A translation of a 1987 Soviet Pedagogics Magazine article dealing with specific skills chess develops that are used elsewhere (selectiveness, discipline, objectivity). 9 pages.

#20 - "From Street Kids to Royal Knights" (Jo Coudert-Readers Digest- June 1988) The work of Bill Hall in an East Harlem ghetto, and their trip to Russia. 6 pages.

#21 - "Washington State Bill" (1985) To establish a mental sports competition and research commission. Key section vetoed. 11 pages.

#22 - "Chess and Cognitive Development" (Joan Christiaen - translated for MACA) A 65 page study loaded with statistics and bibliography on the benefits of chess to cognitive development in Belgian children. (Piaget tests used)

#23 - "Commission for Chess in School" comments from an international meeting. 4 pages.

#24 - "Chess and Education" (Russell Potter) A Bibliography of 11 pages. Useful.

#25 - "School Chess Handbook" (RV Mahon-Chess Federation of Canada). Very useful on basics such as what you need to know to start a club. 22 pages.

#26 - "Children and Peace: Report by FIDE to UN" (Naciso Rabell Mendez). Emotional speech but contains summary of research. 6 pages.

#27 - "Race for the Mind" (Bill North) Appeal for a course in chess analysis in the schools by the chairman of the Santa Clara Chess League. 5 pages.

#28 - "Chess Expertise in Children" (D. Horgan & D. Morgan) 33 pages.

#29 - "Chess and the Humanities" Papers at conference in Lincoln, Neb., May 1978. 3 pages.

#29a - "Chess Contributions to the Understanding of Human Cognition" (Sara E. Goldin-Carnegie-Mellon Univ.) 7 pages including bibliography.

#29b - "Chess as Education: Character Assassination or Life of the Mind" (Tim Redman) The first 2 pages are charming but seem to knock chess; the rest is solid on benefits, particularly on Frank's Zaire study. 6 pgs.

#29c - "Global Community: The Phenomenon of Postal Chess" (Helen Warren) Covers history, mechanics, and the character of players and how they benefit from postal chess. 9 pages.

#29d - "Chess and the Transformations of American Values" (Troy L Armstrong) This study indicates that changing American attitudes toward leisure will bring chess into more prominence. 6 pages.

#29e - "Some Demographic Aspects of Chess" (Arpad Elo) A brief history of chess and a statistical study of which countries currently have heavy participation. 13 pages.

#29f - "Chess and the Federal Government" (Bernard Hagerty) Suggestions for getting money from the NEH and the NEA. 6 pages.

#29g - "Chess and the Search for Freedom" (David Stevenson) Urges Tal as a role model. Seems to say little. 6 pages.

#29h - "The Social Functions of Chess in Yugoslavia and in America-A Comparative View" (Michael Spangler) In Yugoslavia, chess is much more closely integrated into society, physical conditioning is more stressed, and the chessplayer's disposable income is twice as great. 10 pages.

#29i - "Chess is for Heavies: Images of Chess in Detective Fiction"(Frank Blaha & Marge Cathcart). 10 pgs.

#30 - "Using Chess to Promote Self-Esteem in Perceptually Impaired Students." (William Levy -Hopatcong Schools for NJ Dept. of Education) 93 pages of tests and worksheets in a detailed program. (teachers guide)

#31 - "Chess in the Classroom, an Answer to NIE" (prepared for MACA) A massive document of 57 pages containing a challenge to NIE claims of the non-transferability of chess skills by Adrian de Groot, a critique of another study by Harry Lyman, The Philosophy of Karl Popper as annotated and illustrated on the chess board, and 2 key experiments- the Christiaen one mentioned above and A. Frank's experiment in Zaire in 1973-74.

#32 - "Chess and Aptitudes" (Albert Frank) Part 1 item F of "Chess in the Classroom, an Answer to NIE" 89 pages.

#33 - "The Effect of Learning to Play Chess on Cognitive, Perceptual and Emotional Development in Children"(Steven Fried & Norman Ginsburg) The effect of chess training on 3rd and 4th grade children in the 3 areas mentioned in a middle class Brooklyn elementary school. 18 pages.

#34 - "Chess Gives Hope for Our Youth." (The Saratogian in Saratoga Springs) 1 page.

#35 - "Educators Using Chess as a Tool of Development" (David Kibbs) 1 page.

#36 - "Intelligence and Chess" (Rafael Tudela) 2 pages.

#37 - "How to Develop Experts" (Diane Horgan) 1 page.

#38 - "Competition, Calibration, and Motivation" (Dianne Horgan) 7 pages.

#39 - "This Game Might Make You Smart" (Dianne Horgan) 3 pages.

#40 - "Chairman of the Boards" (Dan Sorenson) Youngsters from Tucson, Ariz. achieve success. 2 pages.